Jan 1–Sept 14, 1919 - RED SUMMER

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The Red Summer race riots occurred in more than three dozen cities in the United States during the summer and early autumn of 1919. Between January 1 and September 14, 1919, white mobs lynched at least forty-three African Americans, with sixteen hanged and others shot; another eight men were burned at the stake. The states appeared powerless or unwilling to interfere or prosecute such mob murders. The 1919 events were among the first in which blacks in number resisted white attacks.